eclectic content

adventure (as verb)

[ dictionary: Oxford English Dictionary (OED) ]
[ verb ]

[ Brit. / {smm}d{zh}{revc}{shti}nd{sm}{revv}p /, U.S. / {smm}d{zh}{revc}{shti}nd{sm}{schwa}p ]
( æd{sm}v{ope}ntj{shtu}{schwa}(r) , -t{sh}{schwa}(r)
verb forms in the same way as noun ADVENTURE : [< a. Old French (OFr.): aventure/ aventurer, f. aventure, ADVENTURE n.

'to adventure' (v.)

     I. To commit to chance.

     1. trans. To take the chance of; to commit to fortune; to undertake a thing of doubtful issue; to try, to chance, to venture upon.


1587 1633
1725 1834
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   1330 R. BRUNNE Chron. 70 Toward {th}is lond {th}ei drouh, to auenture his chance. c1386 CHAUCER Reeve's T. 289, I wol arise and auntre it by my fay. 1587 FLEMING Contn. Holinsh. III. 1319/2 Readie prest to aduenture anie aduentures for your gratious fauour. a1618 RALEIGH Instruct. Son iii. (1651) 11 He adventures thy mislike, and doth hazard thy hatred. 1633 FORD Love's Sacr. I. ii. (1839) 78, I am loth to move my lord unto offence; Yet I'll adventure chiding. 1725 DE FOE Voy. round World (1840) 184 From east to [a voyage] may be adventured with ease. 1815 SCOTT Ld. of Isles VI. xiv, I would adventure forth my lance. 1834 H. MARTINEAU Moral III. 89 Surely no statesman will be found to adventure it.

     2. To risk the loss of, to risk, stake; to imperil, or expose (to danger).


c1300 c1440 a1535 1665
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   c1300 K. Alis. 4265 Hors and kyng..Was auntred undur the water. c1440 Gesta Rom. (1879) 40 Thou haddist auntred thi owne body. a1535 MORE Rich. III , Wks. 1557, 51/2 For what wise merchaunt aduentureth all his good in one ship. 1648 SIR C. COTTERELL Davila (1678) 709 To adventure his Army to new dangers. 1654 GODDARD in Burton Diary (1828) I. 84 We had adventured our lives and liberties for the cause. 1665 EVELYN Diary (1827) II. 250 My Wife went back to Wotton, I not as yet willing to adventure her. 1860 MOTLEY Netherl. (1868) I. vi. 300 Elizabeth was taking the diadem from her head..and adventuring it upon the doubtful chance of war.

     3. refl. To risk oneself; to venture.


1509 1697
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   c1350 Will. Palerne 3268 Of {th}o wi{th}-inne · non wold hem out aunter. 1393 LANGLAND P. Pl. C. XXI. 232 And after auntrede god hym-self · and tok adams kynde. c1440 Morte Arthure 360, I salle auntyre me anes hys egle to touche. 1475 CAXTON Jason 65b, To auenture myself in the conqueste of the noble moton or flees of golde. 1509 BARCLAY Ship of Fooles (1570) 178 Howe thou thee aventrest in holowe beame. 1611 BIBLE Acts. xix. 31 Desiring him that he would not aduenture himselfe into the Theatre. 1697 POTTER Antiq. Greece III. iv. (1715) 22 Thinking it unsafe to adventure themselves abroad. 1803 WELLINGTON in Gen. Desp. I. 568 You must..take care not to adventure yourself single handed against the combined forces of those chiefs.

     4. intr. (by omission of refl. pron.) To risk oneself, to venture, to dare to come or go (in, into, on, upon any place). fig. To venture (on, upon a course or action), to dare to undertake. to adventure at (obs. rare): to dare to attack.


c1340 c1400 1596
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   c1340 Alisaunder (Skeat) 902 {Th}e armed Atenieeins auntred hym till. c1400 Destr. Troy XII. 4985 {Th}en auntred Vlexes and his erund said. 1575-6 THYNNE Let. in Animadv. 54 I rashely aduentured beyoynde the course of my desertes. a1581 E. CAMPION Hist. Irel. (1633) vii. 22 When Japheth..adventured by ship into divers West Islands. 1581 LAMBARDE Eiren. II. iii. 117 Staying them that doe any way aduenture towardes the breach thereof. 1596 SHAKES. 1 Hen. IV , I. ii. 192 Then will they aduenture vppon the exploit. a1628 F. GREVILLE Life of Sidney (1652) 33 This Narration I adventure of, to show the clearness and readiness of this Gentlemans judgment. 1642 MILTON Apol. Smect. (1851) 293 To strike high, and adventure dangerously at the most eminent vices among the greatest persons. 1704 SWIFT Batt. Bks. (1711) 235 By this time the Spider was adventur'd out. 1797-8 WELLESLEY Desp. 779 Every man who pleases may adventure thither. 1812 BYRON Ch. Har. II. xliii, Now he adventured on a shore unknown. 1878 E. WHITE Life in Christ III. xvii. 215 The awe under which it becomes sinful men to adventure into that Holiest Place.

     5. a. intr. (with inf.) To dare, to run the risk, make the experiment; to go so far as, to venture.


1387 1490
1594 1678
1719 1818
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   1387 TREVISA Higden Rolls Ser. I. 29 {Th}e secunde book auntre{th} forto telle berynge and dedes. c1400 Destr. Troy I. 314 The Emperour Alexaunder Aunterid to come. 1490 CAXTON Eneydos xlii. 134 Noo body durste not auenture for to goo to hym. 1594 SHAKES. Rich. III , I. iii. 116, I dare aduenture to be sent to th' Towre. 1616 SIR R. DUDLEY in Fortesc. Pap. 15 My very enemies have never adventured to esteem me ungratefull. 1678 QUARLES Arg. & Parth. 11 [He] boldly enters, and after mutual complement adventers To break the Ice of his dissembled grief. 1719 WODROW Corr. (1843) II. 431, I adventured to show him the volume I brought up. 1818 SCOTT Hrt. Midl. 288 She feared she could not safely adventure to do so.

     b. trans. To venture to say or utter.


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   1881 MRS. J. H. RIDDELL Sen. Partner II. i. 7 ‘I've been looking up my songs, Mr. McCullagh,’ added the eldest daughter..‘And we have been practising reels,’ adventured Miss Vanderton. 1898 Daily News 19 Oct. 3/1 He adventured the opinion that ‘some members opposite’ were ‘unaccustomed to the amenities of debate’. 1900 L. B. WALFORD One of Ourselves xiv, ‘Did he tell you about us?’ she adventured, cautiously.

     II. To be as a chance, or come as a chance.

     {dag}6. intr. To come by chance, happen, chance, befall. Usually impers. Obs.

AUNTRE: {Old English} (Transitive verb) To venture; to dare.


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   c1400 Destr. Troy xx. 8235 Hit auntrit, {th}at Ector was angrit full euill. Ibid. III. 742 And oft in astronamy hit auntres to falle, {Th}at domes men dessauis. Ibid. VI. 2107 {Th}e Authwart answares {th}at Auntrid hym {th}ere Ys knowen.
From "Otuel a Knight ":
 ¶Žo že brugge was al Šare,
Žat men miŠten ouer fare.
Hit bitidde vppon a day,
Wil Charles in his bed lay,
Žat Roulond an[d] Oliuer
And že gode kniŠt Oger
Ouer že brugge žei wenten ifeere
Auntres for to sen and here.
And žo žei ouer passed were,
Such auntres žei funden žere,
For al že good vnder sonne

Žei nolde habben že gamen bigonne.
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source | Auchinleck Manuscript - /

(...a Saracen-Christian duel in the Charlemagne romance of Otuel-- the Saracen challenger in that work is saved for eternity through religious conversion...")

Middle English Romances : Otuel and Roland (London: Published for The Early English Text Society by Humphrey Milford, Oxford University Press, 1935)

S. J. H. Herrtage, The Taill of Rauf Coilyear ... with Fragments of Roland and Vernagu and Otuel, The English Charlemagne Romances 6, EETS ES 39 (London: Trübner, 1882).

Another edition:
A. Nicholson, The Romances of Rouland and Vernagu and Otuel from the Auchinleck Manuscript, Abbotsford Club (Edinburgh: Printed by Alex. Lawrie and Co., 1836).

See also:



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