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Liberty Valence , written by

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According to a web reprint of Literature Film Quarterly, 2003 (by Metz, Walter) ,
the story of Liberty Valence was written by Dorothy Johnson, and appeared in a collection of short stories called "Indian Country" :

"Despite having won numerous awards for her fiction, and having received favorable reviews in both the popular and academic press, [Dorthy] Johnson is an unfamiliar author to most literary and film scholars.
Johnson was born in 1905. She attended Montana State University and received her B.A. in 1928. In 1935, she moved to New York City and worked for fifteen years as a magazine editor.

In 1950, she returned to Montana to work as the news editor of the Whitefish Pilot, a small local newspaper. In 1952, she accepted a post as an assistant professor of journalism at the University of Montana. Once in Montana in the early 1950s, Johnson began writing Western stories and publishing them in magazines such as Argosy, Collier's, Cosmopolitan, and The Saturday Evening Post.

In 1953, her first collection of stories was published [by Ballantine as the book] "Indian Country". This collection contains the short stories "The Man Who Shot Liberty Valence" and "A Man Called Horse," both of which would be made into Hollywood films.
In 1957, Ballantine published Johnson's second collection of short stories, titled The Hanging Tree. This collection is dominated by the eponymous novella, which serves as the source for Delmer Daves's 1959 film for Warner Bros [also called "The Hanging Tree"], starring Gary Cooper.
Beginning in the 1960s, Johnson began writing historical journalism, for both adult and children readers, mostly documenting the hardships of the Native American population in coping with the invasion of white settlers."

"Despite this impressive resume, Johnson's contribution to The Man Who Shot Liberty Valence is almost unknown within Ford criticism. This is largely due to the rapid acceptance of Ford into the pantheon of auteurs immediately after Sarris popularized the auteur theory in the early 1960s.
Sarris's essay on the auteur theory ("Notes on the Auteur Theory in 1962") and his laudatory review of The Man Who Shot Liberty Valence were both published in 1962. Johnson's neglect is an expected consequence in a critical milieu favoring the auteur theory; based on the notion that the director transcended the material given him, the auteur theory established a tradition of neglecting the source..."


Meta: Published Feb. 16, 2007, by Lyberty || home | dict