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adrenal glands

[ medicine, anatomy ]
[ ah -dree' - nahl ... ]

A pair of glands located at the cranial pole (the "top") of each of the two kidneys [?]. medical illustration:Adrenal, or suprarenal, glands

Each adrenal gland is composed of two distinct endocrine tissues with separate embryonic origins;

a.k.a.: Adrenals, Supradrenal Gland

The adrenal gland sits directly on top of the kidneys and consists of 2 separate organs, the cortex and the medulla . The medulla (inner portion) produces and secretes the catecholamine hormones , epinephrine (adrenaline) and norepinephrine (noradrenaline). The cortex (outer portion) produces the corticosteroids , glucocorticoids (such as cortisol) and mineralocorticoids (aldosterone).



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